The oldest constructed roads discovered to date are in former Mesopotomia, now known
as Iraq. These stone paved streets date back to about 4000 B.C. in the Mesopotamian
cities of Ur and Babylon.
McAdam, born in 1756, designed roads with harder surfaces, using broken stones placed
in symmetrical, tight patterns and covered with smaller stones. Hisdesign was called
“Macadam” after his name and was a huge achievement in road construction in the
This design led to the bitumen based binding called Tarmacadam. The famous Champs-Elysee
in Paris was the first modoern road in Europe. Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington
D.C. was the first asphalt road in the United States of America.
Today, most of our roadways, are paved with asphalt concrete. This, in effect, is
the benchmark in highway applicastions the world over.
India has a road network of 40,20,000 Km as in 2012, the third longest in the world.
At 0.66 km of roads per square kilometre of land, the quantitative density of the
country’s road network is similar to that of the United States (0.65) and far higher
than that of China (0.16) or Brazil (0.20)
However, qualitatively, India’s roads are a mix of modern highways and narrow, unpaved
roads and are undergoing drastic improvement. As of 2008, 40% - about 2.1 million
km of Indian roads were paved.
Adjusted for its large population, India thas less than 4 km of roads per 1000 people,
including all its paved and unpaved roads. In terms of quality, all season, 4 or
more lane highways, India has less than 0.07 km of highways per 1000 people, as
of 2010. These are some of the lowest road and highway densities in the world.
Government of Tamil Nadu had the unique distinction of creating a separate Highways
Department as early as in 1946 exclusively to attend to roads and bridges in the
State. It was a part of the Public Works Department earlier but is now a separate
and distinct department. A new post of Secretary to Government, Highways,Department
was creted in 1996.
The objectives of the Department are maintaining and improving the roads under the
control of the Government and to provide all weather road connectivity to rural
habitations. Tamil Nadu was the forerunner in bringing out standard specifications
for roads and bridges in the year 1954. The Department is also in charge of improvement
and maintenance of the National Highways in the State. Minor Ports were later brought
under the purview of this Department. Subsequently, this Department was renemed
ad Highways and Minor Ports Department.
The following wings constitute the Highways Departemnt.
Regarding Tirunelveli District the existing roads in Tirunelveli (H) C&M Divsion
are tabulated as follows.
Two tier bridge is located at Km 0/8 of Tirunelveli – Shenkottai – Kollam Road in
the year 1976. The total length of this bridge 412 metre (13 spans of 31.70.)
Sulochana Mudaliar Bridge is located at Km 150/2-6 of Madurai – Kanyamukari Road
tear of Construction 1914. (Brick Arch portion) Widening the bridge 1967 (RCC deck
slab) Total complete of Bridge : 220m
Four lanning road (East side) starts from Thalaiyuthu at Km 142/0 of NH7) (Madurai
– Kanyakumari Road) and ending at Km 164/0 (crossing at Rajapalayam – Sankarankovil
- Tirunelveli road Km 75/0, Tirunelveli – Sengottai – Collam Road Km 11/6, Tirunelveli
– Pottalpudur Road at 6/6, Tiruchendur – Palayamkottai – Ambasamudram – Tenkasi
– Courtallam – Shengottai Km @ 64/2.)
Tirunelveli (H) Construction & Maintenance Division was formed at the time of Independence
As per G.O.Ms. No.293 Highways & Minor Ports (HK2) Dept. dated 12.10.2011, Tenkasi
(H) C&M Division is newly formed with effect from 01.11.2010 with Tenkasi, Shencottai,
Sankarankoil and Sivagiri sub divisions.
Total length of road being maintained by Tenkasi (H) C&M Division as follows.
Under the control of Divisional Engineer (H) C&M Tirunelveli Four Assistant Divisional
Engineers and 7 Section Officers are working as Field Staff who are supervising
the Road Works and maintaining them.
This Temple is located at km 2/0 of Tirunelveli – Shencottai – Kollam Road (SH 39)
This Temple is located at km away from km 29/4 of Cheranmahadevi – Panagudi Road.
This Temple is located at km 8/6 of Ambasamudrm – Papanasam Upper Dam Road
This Temple is located km 36/034 of Nanguneri – Bharather Ovari Road.
This Temple is located at km 78/6 of Thoothukudi – Tiruchendur – Kanyakumari Road
The temple is located at km 36/8 of Raddiyarpatti – Vijayanarayanam Road.
This forest is located at km 10/0 of Ambasamudrm – Papanasam - Upper Dam Road
This Dam is located at Km 7/0 of Kallidaikurici – Manomuthar Dam Road.
This Falls is away from 1 km from Km 10/0 of Ambasamudrm – Papanasam Upper Dam Road
Manjolai tea estates is located at 8.00 km away from km 7/0 of Kallidaikurichi – Manimuthar Dam Road.
This unit is located at Km 102/0 of Thoothukudi – Tiruchendur – Kanyakumari Road
Koothankulam birds sanctuary is located at 1/6 of Koothankulam Road.
This project is functionaries near km 12/0 – 16/0 of Nanguneri – Bharathar Ovari Road.
This Dam is located at Km 31/8 Cheranmahadevi – Panakudi Road.
This Dam is located 3.00 km away from km 3/8 of Cheranmahadevi – Panagudi Road to Manjuvilai Road.