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About Tirunelveli

Tirunelveli is the sixth largest city of Tamilnadu. As such the town was called as ‘nelveli’ which means paddy-hedge. Since the temple in the town is dedicated the lord Siva, the around the temple is called as Tirunelveli. Around 1560, the town was rebuilt by Viswanatha, the founder of Nayak dynasty who also erected many temples in it. Tirunelveli was the earliest Pandiya’s capital. The Nayaks ruled Tirunelveli from Madurai during 16th, 17th and early of 18th Century. The antiquity of Tirunelveli town is evident from the fact that the town and temple at its centre were referred is sivite semons of 7th century A.D. the name TIRU-NEL-VELI (The sacred paddy hedge) describes generally that part of the town which is massed around the temple of Swamy Nellaiyappar. The history described that a fine broad road flanked on either side by rice fields and shaded by on avenue of maruda trees leads to the old town of Tirunelveli passing through a mandapam to be the entrance of the great temple. Here the formation of the town whose reconstruction was attributed to Ariyanantha mudaliyar the lieutenant of Viswanatha Naicker (A.D.1559-69) can be made out. Around the temple are the four main streets at right angles. East to West and North to South beyond the main streets towards the west the design is lost in congested habitation of the poor classes.

The temple contains numerous inscriptions namely records of Veerapandiya (A.D.950) Rajendra Chloa-I (A.D. 1101-44) Kulothunga(A.D.1074-1118), Maravarma Sundarapandian-I (A.D.1216-35), Maravarma Sundarapandian-I (A.D. 1238-51). Maravarman Kulasekara deva-I (A.D.1268-1308) and Maravarman Kulasekara deva-II (A.D.1314-21) many of these records contained announcement of the first rate of significance and the selection of Tirunelveli for their publication clearly indicates the importance of the place in the early time under the Madura Nayakkars, Tirunelveli appears to have been treated definitely as the headquarters of the Southern port of their territories Palayamkottai, about 5KM away, was fortified and was regarded as sufficient production for the capital.

Palayamkottai was fortified under the native rulers and its defenses were intact at the time when it passed in to the hands of British. It subsequently followed the base of their operations during poligar wars. The fort was not dismantled until comparatively recently, when the garrison of one or more native regiments which had been stationed here even since the British occupation was finally withdrawn.

Declaration and Constitution

Tamil Nadu Government in the G.O.Ms.No.448, Housing and urban development department, dated:16.6.93 declared the Tirunelveli local planning area the under section 10(4) of Town and Country Planning Act, 1971. The local planning area comprises of the entire Tirunelveli municipal corporation area and certain village panchayats surrounding it (vicinity area). List showing the towns (in the corporation area) and the village panchayats (in the vicinity area) included in the local planning area is attached. The extent of the Tirunelveli Local Planning Area is 351.5736 Sq.Km. (Area of the Municipal corporation is 108.65 Sq.km and the area of the vicinity area is 242.9236 Sq.km). Population of the local planning area is 4,94,661 (Population in the corporation area is 4,11,831 and the population in the vicinity area is 82,830) as per the 2001 census.

Tirunelveli Local Planning Authority was constituted by the Government in the G.O.Ms.No.759 H&UD Dept dt 01.09.93 with the present composition of chairman and the member-secretary. District Collector as Chairman and the Regional Deputy Director of Town and Country Planning, Tirunelveli region as the Member Secretary. The other members of the local planning authority have been appointed by the Government in the G.O. Ms. No.360, Housing and urban development department, dated: 16.11.2010. The present composition of the authority is:

Chairman/District Collector, Tirunelveli,

Member Sectary(Incharge)/Asst Director of Town and Country Planning